Hiking trails extend along the banks of the Pigeon River, which forms the boundary between the U.S. and Canada.
Grand Portage State Park has three main hiking trails:
- The High Falls trail is a half-mile paved, handicap accessible path that leads to three observation decks overlooking High Falls, the highest waterfall in Minnesota at 120 feet. High Falls is located on the Pigeon River, which forms the boundary between the U.S. and Canada.
- The trail continuing to Middle Falls is a rugged backcountry trail with challenging terrain, totalling 4.5 miles round trip from the parking lot.
- The Mount Josephine trail begins in the village of Grand Portage. This rugged trail climbs 700 feet to the summit of Mount Josephine with spectacular views of Grand Portage Bay to the southwest, and Wauswaugoning Bay, the Susie Islands, and Isle Royale National Park to the east. It is 1.5 miles from the trailhead to the summit.
Grand Portage National Monument has two trails:
- The Mount Rose trail is a short but steep paved trail that ascends half a mile to the summit of Mount Rose, overlooking the stockade at the National Monument and Grand Portage Bay. Interpretive signs provide local history.
- The Grand Portage trail begins at the National Monument and travels 8.5 miles to the Pigeon River. The grand portage linked the Ojibwe’s inland winter camps, where the people hunted and trapped for food of wild game, to their summer homes and fishing on Lake Superior. Native people used this trail and later the voyageurs to portage the miles of impassable rapids and waterfalls that culminate in the 120-foot drop of High Falls at Grand Portage State Park.
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